Saxe Gotha Township was established by Governor Robert Johnson in 1735. The Governor created the ñTownship System,î as a plan for the settlement of the South Carolina backcountry. Saxe Gotha Township was located near the confluence of the Broad and Saluda Rivers, with its center at ñthe Congarees,î the head of navigation for the Congaree River. Over time, traders and settlers trickled into the region, many of them German and Swiss. By the 1740s, the area became an important crossroads.